Monitoring the “unreachable” hosts

There are a number of situations where you’d like to run munin-node on hosts not directly available to the Munin server. This article describes a few scenarios and different alternatives to set up monitoring. Monitoring hosts behind a non-routing server.

In this scenario, a *nix server sits between the Munin server and one or more Munin nodes. The server in-between reaches both the Munin server and the Munin node, but the Munin server does not reach the Munin node or vice versa.

To enable for Munin monitoring, there are several approaches, but mainly either using SSH tunneling or “bouncing” via the in-between server.

SSH tunneling

The illustration below shows the principle. By using SSH tunneling only one SSH connection is required, even if you need to reach several hosts on “the other side”. The Munin server listens to different ports on the localhost interface. A configuration example is included. Note that there is also a FAQ entry on using SSH that contains very useful information.

../_images/MuninSSHForwarding.png

Bouncing

This workaround uses netcat and inetd/xinetd to forward the queries from the Munin server. All incoming connections to defined ports are automatically forwarded to the Munin node using netcat.

../_images/MuninPortForwarding.png

Behind a NAT device

Monitoring hosts behind a NAT device (e.g. DSL router or firewall)

If you have one or more Munin nodes on the “inside” of a NAT device, port forwarding is probably the easiest way to do it. Configuring port forwarding on all kinds of network units and firewall flavours is way beyond the scope of the Munin documentation, but the illustration below show the principle. A sample configuration including munin.conf is found here.

Note that if the NAT device is a *nix system, you may also use the two approaches described above.

../_images/MuninPortForwarding.png